Tor – Unix Commands

gAtO hAs- been in linux onion-land for too long but I found these unix commands to help me out with my work, so I wanted to share them. – well at least it helps the gAtO.

Command Description
apropos whatis Show commands pertinent to string. See also threadsafe
man -t ascii | ps2pdf – > ascii.pdf make a pdf of a manual page
  which command Show full path name of command
  time command See how long a command takes
time cat Start stopwatch. Ctrl-d to stop. See also sw
dir navigation
cd – Go to previous directory
cd Go to $HOME directory
  (cd dir && command) Go to dir, execute command and return to current dir
pushd . Put current dir on stack so you can popd back to it
file searching
alias l=’ls -l –color=auto’ quick dir listing
ls -lrt List files by date. See also newest and find_mm_yyyy
ls /usr/bin | pr -T9 -W$COLUMNS Print in 9 columns to width of terminal
  find -name ‘*.[ch]’ | xargs grep -E ‘expr’ Search ‘expr’ in this dir and below. See also findrepo
  find -type f -print0 | xargs -r0 grep -F ‘example’ Search all regular files for ‘example’ in this dir and below
  find -maxdepth 1 -type f | xargs grep -F ‘example’ Search all regular files for ‘example’ in this dir
  find -maxdepth 1 -type d | while read dir; do echo $dir; echo cmd2; done Process each item with multiple commands (in while loop)
find -type f ! -perm -444 Find files not readable by all (useful for web site)
find -type d ! -perm -111 Find dirs not accessible by all (useful for web site)
locate -r ‘file[^/]*.txt’ Search cached index for names. This re is like glob *file*.txt
look reference Quickly search (sorted) dictionary for prefix
grep –color reference /usr/share/dict/words Highlight occurances of regular expression in dictionary
archives and compression
  gpg -c file Encrypt file
  gpg file.gpg Decrypt file
  tar -c dir/ | bzip2 > dir.tar.bz2 Make compressed archive of dir/
  bzip2 -dc dir.tar.bz2 | tar -x Extract archive (use gzip instead of bzip2 for tar.gz files)
  tar -c dir/ | gzip | gpg -c | ssh user@remote ‘dd of=dir.tar.gz.gpg’ Make encrypted archive of dir/ on remote machine
  find dir/ -name ‘*.txt’ | tar -c –files-from=- | bzip2 > dir_txt.tar.bz2 Make archive of subset of dir/ and below
  find dir/ -name ‘*.txt’ | xargs cp -a –target-directory=dir_txt/ –parents Make copy of subset of dir/ and below
  ( tar -c /dir/to/copy ) | ( cd /where/to/ && tar -x -p ) Copy (with permissions) copy/ dir to /where/to/ dir
  ( cd /dir/to/copy && tar -c . ) | ( cd /where/to/ && tar -x -p ) Copy (with permissions) contents of copy/ dir to /where/to/
  ( tar -c /dir/to/copy ) | ssh -C user@remote ‘cd /where/to/ && tar -x -p’ Copy (with permissions) copy/ dir to remote:/where/to/ dir
  dd bs=1M if=/dev/sda | gzip | ssh user@remote ‘dd of=sda.gz’ Backup harddisk to remote machine
rsync (Network efficient file copier: Use the –dry-run option for testing)
  rsync -P rsync:// file Only get diffs. Do multiple times for troublesome downloads
  rsync –bwlimit=1000 fromfile tofile Locally copy with rate limit. It’s like nice for I/O
  rsync -az -e ssh –delete ~/public_html/’~/public_html’ Mirror web site (using compression and encryption)
  rsync -auz -e ssh remote:/dir/ . && rsync -auz -e ssh . remote:/dir/ Synchronize current directory with remote one
ssh (Secure SHell)
  ssh $USER@$HOST command Run command on $HOST as $USER (default command=shell)
ssh -f -Y $USER@$HOSTNAME xeyes Run GUI command on $HOSTNAME as $USER
  scp -p -r $USER@$HOST: file dir/ Copy with permissions to $USER’s home directory on $HOST
  scp -c arcfour $USER@$LANHOST: bigfile Use faster crypto for local LAN. This might saturate GigE
  ssh -g -L 8080:localhost:80 root@$HOST Forward connections to $HOSTNAME:8080 out to $HOST:80
  ssh -R 1434:imap:143 root@$HOST Forward connections from $HOST:1434 in to imap:143
  ssh-copy-id $USER@$HOST Install public key for $USER@$HOST for password-less log in
wget (multi purpose download tool)
(cd dir/ && wget -nd -pHEKk Store local browsable version of a page to the current dir
  wget -c Continue downloading a partially downloaded file
  wget -r -nd -np -l1 -A ‘*.jpg’ Download a set of files to the current directory
  wget ftp://remote/file[1-9].iso/ FTP supports globbing directly
wget -q -O- | grep ‘a href’ | head Process output directly
  echo ‘wget url’ | at 01:00 Download url at 1AM to current dir
  wget –limit-rate=20k url Do a low priority download (limit to 20KB/s in this case)
  wget -nv –spider –force-html -i bookmarks.html Check links in a file
  wget –mirror Efficiently update a local copy of a site (handy from cron)
networking (Note ifconfig, route, mii-tool, nslookup commands are obsolete)
  ethtool eth0 Show status of ethernet interface eth0
  ethtool –change eth0 autoneg off speed 100 duplex full Manually set ethernet interface speed
  iwconfig eth1 Show status of wireless interface eth1
  iwconfig eth1 rate 1Mb/s fixed Manually set wireless interface speed
iwlist scan List wireless networks in range
ip link show List network interfaces
  ip link set dev eth0 name wan Rename interface eth0 to wan
  ip link set dev eth0 up Bring interface eth0 up (or down)
ip addr show List addresses for interfaces
  ip addr add brd + dev eth0 Add (or del) ip and mask (
ip route show List routing table
  ip route add default via Set default gateway to
host Lookup DNS ip address for name or vice versa
hostname -i Lookup local ip address (equivalent to host `hostname`)
whois Lookup whois info for hostname or ip address
netstat -tupl List internet services on a system
netstat -tup List active connections to/from system
windows networking (Note samba is the package that provides all this windows specific networking support)
smbtree Find windows machines. See also findsmb
  nmblookup -A Find the windows (netbios) name associated with ip address
  smbclient -L windows_box List shares on windows machine or samba server
  mount -t smbfs -o fmask=666,guest //windows_box/share /mnt/share Mount a windows share
  echo ‘message’ | smbclient -M windows_box Send popup to windows machine (off by default in XP sp2)
text manipulation (Note sed uses stdin and stdout. Newer versions support inplace editing with the -i option)
  sed ‘s/string1/string2/g’ Replace string1 with string2
  sed ‘s/(.*)1/12/g’ Modify anystring1 to anystring2
  sed ‘/^ *#/d; /^ *$/d’ Remove comments and blank lines
  sed ‘:a; /\$/N; s/\n//; ta’ Concatenate lines with trailing
  sed ‘s/[ t]*$//’ Remove trailing spaces from lines
  sed ‘s/([`”$])/\1/g’ Escape shell metacharacters active within double quotes
seq 10 | sed “s/^/      /; s/ *(.{7,})/1/” Right align numbers
seq 10 | sed p | paste – – Duplicate a column
  sed -n ‘1000{p;q}’ Print 1000th line
  sed -n ‘10,20p;20q’ Print lines 10 to 20
  sed -n ‘s/.*<title>(.*)</title>.*/1/ip;T;q’ Extract title from HTML web page
  sed -i 42d ~/.ssh/known_hosts Delete a particular line
  sort -t. -k1,1n -k2,2n -k3,3n -k4,4n Sort IPV4 ip addresses
echo ‘Test’ | tr ‘[:lower:]’ ‘[:upper:]’ Case conversion
tr -dc ‘[:print:]’ < /dev/urandom Filter non printable characters
tr -s ‘[:blank:]’ ‘t’ </proc/diskstats | cut -f4 cut fields separated by blanks
history | wc -l Count lines
set operations (Note you can export LANG=C for speed. Also these assume no duplicate lines within a file)
  sort file1 file2 | uniq Union of unsorted files
  sort file1 file2 | uniq -d Intersection of unsorted files
  sort file1 file1 file2 | uniq -u Difference of unsorted files
  sort file1 file2 | uniq -u Symmetric Difference of unsorted files
  join -t” -a1 -a2 file1 file2 Union of sorted files
  join -t” file1 file2 Intersection of sorted files
  join -t” -v2 file1 file2 Difference of sorted files
  join -t” -v1 -v2 file1 file2 Symmetric Difference of sorted files
echo ‘(1 + sqrt(5))/2’ | bc -l Quick math (Calculate ?). See also bc
seq -f ‘4/%g’ 1 2 99999 | paste -sd-+ | bc -l Calculate ? the unix way
echo ‘pad=20; min=64; (100*10^6)/((pad+min)*8)’ | bc More complex (int) e.g. This shows max FastE packet rate
echo ‘pad=20; min=64; print (100E6)/((pad+min)*8)’ | python Python handles scientific notation
echo ‘pad=20; plot [64:1518] (100*10**6)/((pad+x)*8)’ | gnuplot -persist Plot FastE packet rate vs packet size
echo ‘obase=16; ibase=10; 64206’ | bc Base conversion (decimal to hexadecimal)
echo $((0x2dec)) Base conversion (hex to dec) ((shell arithmetic expansion))
units -t ‘100m/9.58s‘ ‘miles/hour’ Unit conversion (metric to imperial)
units -t ‘500GB’ ‘GiB’ Unit conversion (SI to IEC prefixes)
units -t ‘1 googol’ Definition lookup
seq 100 | (tr ‘n’ +; echo 0) | bc Add a column of numbers. See also add and funcpy
cal -3 Display a calendar
cal 9 1752 Display a calendar for a particular month year
date -d fri What date is it this friday. See also day
[ $(date -d ’12:00 +1 day’ +%d) = ’01’ ] || exit exit a script unless it’s the last day of the month
date –date=’25 Dec’ +%A What day does xmas fall on, this year
date –date=’@2147483647′ Convert seconds since the epoch (1970-01-01 UTC) to date
TZ=’America/Los_Angeles’ date What time is it on west coast of US (use tzselect to find TZ)
date –date=’TZ=”America/Los_Angeles” 09:00 next Fri’ What’s the local time for 9AM next Friday on west coast US
printf “%’dn” 1234 Print number with thousands grouping appropriate to locale
BLOCK_SIZE=’1 ls -l Use locale thousands grouping in ls. See also l
echo “I live in `locale territory`” Extract info from locale database
LANG=en_IE.utf8 locale int_prefix Lookup locale info for specific country. See also ccodes
locale -kc $(locale | sed -n ‘s/(LC_.{4,})=.*/1/p’) | less List fields available in locale database
recode (Obsoletes iconv, dos2unix, unix2dos)
recode -l | less Show available conversions (aliases on each line)
  recode windows-1252.. file_to_change.txt Windows “ansi” to local charset (auto does CRLF conversion)
  recode utf-8/CRLF.. file_to_change.txt Windows utf8 to local charset
  recode iso-8859-15..utf8 file_to_change.txt Latin9 (western europe) to utf8
  recode ../b64 < file.txt > file.b64 Base64 encode
  recode /qp.. < file.qp > file.txt Quoted printable decode
  recode ..HTML < file.txt > file.html Text to HTML
recode -lf windows-1252 | grep euro Lookup table of characters
echo -n 0x80 | recode latin-9/x1..dump Show what a code represents in latin-9 charmap
echo -n 0x20AC | recode ucs-2/x2..latin-9/x Show latin-9 encoding
echo -n 0x20AC | recode ucs-2/x2..utf-8/x Show utf-8 encoding
  gzip < /dev/cdrom > cdrom.iso.gz Save copy of data cdrom
  mkisofs -V LABEL -r dir | gzip > cdrom.iso.gz Create cdrom image from contents of dir
  mount -o loop cdrom.iso /mnt/dir Mount the cdrom image at /mnt/dir (read only)
  cdrecord -v dev=/dev/cdrom blank=fast Clear a CDRW
  gzip -dc cdrom.iso.gz | cdrecord -v dev=/dev/cdrom – Burn cdrom image (use dev=ATAPI -scanbus to confirm dev)
  cdparanoia -B Rip audio tracks from CD to wav files in current dir
  cdrecord -v dev=/dev/cdrom -audio -pad *.wav Make audio CD from all wavs in current dir (see also cdrdao)
  oggenc –tracknum=$track track.cdda.wav -o track.ogg Make ogg file from wav file
disk space (See also FSlint)
ls -lSr Show files by size, biggest last
du -s * | sort -k1,1rn | head Show top disk users in current dir. See also dutop
du -hs /home/* | sort -k1,1h Sort paths by easy to interpret disk usage
df -h Show free space on mounted filesystems
df -i Show free inodes on mounted filesystems
fdisk -l Show disks partitions sizes and types (run as root)
rpm -q -a –qf ‘%10{SIZE}t%{NAME}n’ | sort -k1,1n List all packages by installed size (Bytes) on rpm distros
dpkg-query -W -f=’${Installed-Size;10}t${Package}n’ | sort -k1,1n List all packages by installed size (KBytes) on deb distros
dd bs=1 seek=2TB if=/dev/null of=ext3.test Create a large test file (taking no space). See also truncate
> file truncate data of file or create an empty file
tail -f /var/log/messages Monitor messages in a log file
strace -c ls >/dev/null Summarise/profile system calls made by command
strace -f -e open ls >/dev/null List system calls made by command
strace -f -e trace=write -e write=1,2 ls >/dev/null Monitor what’s written to stdout and stderr
ltrace -f -e getenv ls >/dev/null List library calls made by command
lsof -p $$ List paths that process id has open
lsof ~ List processes that have specified path open
tcpdump not port 22 Show network traffic except ssh. See also tcpdump_not_me
ps -e -o pid,args –forest List processes in a hierarchy
ps -e -o pcpu,cpu,nice,state,cputime,args –sort pcpu | sed ‘/^ 0.0 /d’ List processes by % cpu usage
ps -e -orss=,args= | sort -b -k1,1n | pr -TW$COLUMNS List processes by mem (KB) usage. See also
ps -C firefox-bin -L -o pid,tid,pcpu,state List all threads for a particular process
ps -p 1,$$ -o etime= List elapsed wall time for particular process IDs
last reboot Show system reboot history
free -m Show amount of (remaining) RAM (-m displays in MB)
watch -n.1 ‘cat /proc/interrupts’ Watch changeable data continuously
udevadm monitor Monitor udev events to help configure rules
system information (see also sysinfo) (‘#’ means root access is required)
uname -a Show kernel version and system architecture
head -n1 /etc/issue Show name and version of distribution
cat /proc/partitions Show all partitions registered on the system
grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo Show RAM total seen by the system
grep “model name” /proc/cpuinfo Show CPU(s) info
lspci -tv Show PCI info
lsusb -tv Show USB info
mount | column -t List mounted filesystems on the system (and align output)
grep -F capacity: /proc/acpi/battery/BAT0/info Show state of cells in laptop battery
# dmidecode -q | less Display SMBIOS/DMI information
# smartctl -A /dev/sda | grep Power_On_Hours How long has this disk (system) been powered on in total
# hdparm -i /dev/sda Show info about disk sda
# hdparm -tT /dev/sda Do a read speed test on disk sda
# badblocks -s /dev/sda Test for unreadable blocks on disk sda
interactive (see also linux keyboard shortcuts)
readline Line editor used by bash, python, bc, gnuplot, …
screen Virtual terminals with detach capability, …
mc Powerful file manager that can browse rpm, tar, ftp, ssh, …
gnuplot Interactive/scriptable graphing
links Web browser
xdg-open . open a file or url with the registered desktop application



Tor is NOT the ONLY Anonymous Network

gAtO fOuNd – this very interesting and wanted to share –

Tor does some things good, but other anonymous networks do other things better. Only when used together do they work best. And of course you want to already know how to use them should something happen to Tor and you are forced to move to another network.fin_07

Try them! You may even find something interesting you cannot find on Tor!

Anonymous networks

These are well known and widely deployed anonymous networks that offer strong anonymity and high security. They are all open source, in active development, have been online for many years and resisted attack attempts. They run on multiple operating systems and are safe to use with default settings. All are well regarded.

  • Tor – Fast anonymous internet access, hidden websites, most well known.
  • I2P – Hidden websites, anonymous bittorrent, mail, out-proxy to internet, other services.
  • Freenet – Static website hosting, distributed file storage for large files, decentralized forums.

Less well known

Also anonymous networks, but less used and possibly more limited in functionality.

  • GnuNet – Anonymous distributed file storage.
  • OneSwarm – Bittorrent, has a non-anonymous mode, requires friends for anonymity.
  • RetroShare – File-sharing, chat, forums, mail. Requires friends, and not anonymous to those friends, only the rest of the network.
  • Omemo – Distributed social storage platform. Uncertain to what extent it is anonymous.

Non-free networks

These are anonymous networks, but are not open source. Therefore their security and anonymity properties is hard to impossible to verify, and though the applications are legit, they may have serious weaknesses. Do not rely on them for strong anonymity.

  • Osiris – Serverless portal system, does not claim to provide any real anonymity.

In development

  • Phantom – Hidden Services, native IPv6 transport.
  • GlobaLeaks – Open Source Whistleblowing Framework.
  • FreedomBox – Project to create personal servers for distributed social networking, email and audio/video communications.
  • Telex – A new way to circumvent Internet censorship.
  • Project Byzantium – Bootable live distribution of Linux to set up wireless mesh nodes with commonly available hardware.
  • Hyperboria A distributed meshnet built on cjdns.

Routing Platforms

These are internets overlaid on the internet. They provide security via encryption, but only provides weak to none anonymity on their own. Only standard tools such as OpenVPN and Quagga are required to connect. Responsibility for a sufficiently anonymous setup is placed on the user and their advertised routes. More suited for private groups as things out in the open can be firewalled by other participants. Can be layered above or below other anonymity nets for more security and fun.

  • Anonet – AnoNet2, a more open replacement for AnoNet1.
  • dn42 – Another highly technical routing community.
  • CJDNS, an IPV6 overlay network that provides end to end encryption. It is not anonymous by itself.

Alternative Internet

  • Netsukuku – A project that aims to build a global P2P online network completely independent from the Internet by using Wi-Fi. The software is still in active development, although the site is no longer updated. A new site is in progress of being built.
  • Many other wireless communities building mesh networks as an alternative to the Internet, e.g. Freifunk, and many more around the globe. see also

Alternative domain name systems

  • Namecoin – Cryptocurrency with the added ability to support a decentralised domain name system currently as a .bit.
  • OpenNIC – A user controlled Network Information Center offering a democratic, non-national, alternative to the traditional Top-Level Domain registries.
  • Dot-P2P – Another decentralized DNS service without centralized registry operators (at July 18, 2012 page is not accessible and has not known anything about the status of project from February 2011).

See Also

MtGox scam attempt

gAtO FoUnD a – Cyber Crooks – a user with the nick ‘torstatusnet’ dropped by today posting false claims that the MtGox is now on the .onion network.

Finally MtGox network Tor! Dear friends MtGox site has finally an anonymous site on Tor network Now it is possible to make anonymous transactions in the world’s largest portfolio of bitcoins. I thought they would never join the Tor network, but announced on her website that the new site is in http://6xjgdqlmvesefnkp.onion/. It seems that the MtGox guarantee confidentiality, and I think that will become the major tool for exchanging bitcoins … Pass by there and check …

So here’s the thing (It’s clearly a scam), took 2 minutes to figure it out.
First of all there’s NO official info from MtGox that they have a onion url.
Second is the error message that shows when you enter any random data into the login.
It routes you to this error:

The system has an error. Sorry for the inconvenience, we will try to fix it as soon as possible. Thank you.
If you look closely at the onion url it routes a clearnet domain.

The system has an error. Sorry for the inconvenience, we will try to fix it as soon as possible. Thank you.

<!-- Hosting24 Analytics Code -->
<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
<!-- End Of Analytics Code -->

Also the clearnet domain contains the following:

Your website is up and running!

Happy Birthday Bitcoin -Book Release Jan 9

Happy Birthday Bitcoin – Available NOW-eBook


Jan 9 new Book release -Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoins -The Dark Web Financial Markets – Exchanges & Secrets

On this day Bitcoin turns 4 years old. As any 4 year old will tell you this has been a wild ride. From a little know digital currency to today’s acceptance into the legal banks and marketplace this little currency that could has shocked world leaders, stunned banking officials all over the world trading and is today in the $13.5-USD range.

Pierluigi and I (gAtO) first came across this when we were covering Wikileak problems and writing our first book – The Deep Dark Web – the cyber underweb we’re finding this new currency and using it because it was working and had no government ties. Bitcoin has been vilified by most governments but the US -UK and it’s ties to currency transaction systems like Visa, Mastercard, PayPal and others (IMF and SEPA, SWIFT to name a few)  became the shot heard around the cyber world.

On the one hand you have Anonymous and other hacktivist using it to show how it cannot be controlled and the other side is the European Central Bank (ECB) published a report in Nov-2012 about finding a solution to Bitcoins place in (FRB) Fractional Reserve Banking, the cornerstone piece of all banks to create money out of thin air.

Thomas Jefferson said: “I sincerely believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies. The issuing power should be taken from the banks and restores to the people to whom it properly belongs”

Digital virtual communities have exploded in recent years – this phenomenon is enabled by social media and the changing world we live in. In some cases some communities have created their own currency for exchange of goods and services but it has expanded to outside their own circles to provide a new medium of exchange, creating new digital virtual currencies that are changing the world.  Bitcoin-Central is now the first Bitcoin exchange to become a bank with guarantee funds insured up to EU$100,000.

When the ECB published that report it was the white flag of surrender but also assurance that the bankers can still control some of it’s power. Let’s face it FRB is the biggest scam by bankers – as they explain this system it is done to expand the economy by freeing up capital that can be loaned out to other parties. WoW that sound so nice of them to do this favor for us in reality it set’s up the cornerstone or their financial profits from nothing.

FRB is were someone deposits 100 dollars in a bank they are required by FRB laws to keep 10% in the vault but now they can loan out 90% of that deposit because they got the governments (us the tax payers) to insure that $100 deposit in case they make bad loans or to make sure they get their bonus checks. So if you came back to the bank to get your money out and they squandered your money on bad loans or just shoddy business practice -oh well no problems – the government will pay you back with our own tax dollars. In other words they take my tax dollars and pay me back with it and then they increase my taxes so that the bankers can keep doing the same thing over and over again. No responsibility and to think that bankers are look up to by business and in persons to be highly respected and good citizens- right!

This is the biggest scam in history they have no responsibility, no reason to be wise and make good investments because they have politicians in their pockets. You know those people that we voted for that are supposed to represent us the people, no they represent these scum’s the bankers. The funny thing that they have no control of Bitcoins like fiat currency. They cannot just print more money up; Bitcoins are created in a way that revolves around MATH – Yeah most people hate math but this time it works so good that these bankers have tried everything in their power to control Bitcoin and other digital currencies and they cannot; they failed.

I will be the one to first tell you that Bitcoins as they are today will NOT be the answer only 21 million total Bitcoins will ever be created and the world needs a bigger unit to scale this for a worldwide monetary solution. Other digital currencies will still be created because of the Bitcoin experiment; and as the world becomes more digitalized we will see that government or corporate control currency solutions will not be trusted by the world community.

Look at Canada’s attempt at Digital currency MintChip at first it was hailed as a winner the first digital currency backed by a world leader like Canada. But somehow after much fanfare and lots of money spent they awarded the team with a the best solution and hid it from everyone – it went to the back room in the filing cabinet never to be heard again. In the 2 or so years that the Canadian took to develop this system it was convinced (by the global bankers) that this would not work. Canafa caved in to the pressure and MintChip is dead – DOA

Maybe the bankers told them to shelf it, it would setup the premise that other governments could do the same and if they can bypass the current system like SEPA or SWIFT or IMF or the World Bank you see they control the financial system and if they don’t like you or you pissed them off they will not allow your country to function in it. Control of the financial network is how the “evil global bankers” control the toy box.

We hope that our new book will open up doors and minds to the possibilities of digital virtual currency and Bitcoin worldwide.

This book explores the new digital currencies and how they are changing the world. When we were researching -The Deep Dark Web book we saw that some of the criminal elements were using this new currency Bitcoin but we also saw that legit business were also adapting to this new currency. We hope to help you learn what is happening with this new currency we cover -Who uses this currency -What are the financial aspects – Governments, Business, Merchants and Criminals. In all we hope to guide you with some of the questions you have.

This book will be an invaluable resource for cyber security professionals, financial policy-makers, business experts, lawyers, merchants, scholars, and researchers, this book provides a comprehensive research from a International cyber security  perspective, technical, and financial implications of the new digital virtual currencies.


keywords- digital currency, bitcoins, bitcoin, buying bitcoin, alternative currency, decentralized currency, e-currency,  cryptoxchange, online currency, money, bit coin, cryptocurrency, crypto-currency, bitcointalk, bitcoin talk, exchange, usd, euro, market, bitcoins, transaction, transfer, credit card, bit coin mining, gpu,  virtual currency, cryptopunk, Digital virtual currency,

Legality of Bitcoins-Digital Currency?

gAtO gOt –Questions -Virtual Currency Real or Not- Reward Point, or bonus dollars and other forms of digital virtual currencies are normal for credit cards, online game sites, social networks and other specialty merchants and websites it all about true and branding. This new revenue stream is something that merchants are becoming aware of without knowing or understanding the legal aspects of this new digital currency world.

How does digital currency work in governments or does it – is it tax free, can I take campaign contributions with Bitcoins?

There are federal laws about digital currencies (gift cards) that impose inactivity fees, refunds and unused currency to states or regulatory statue in different states, now apply this to the global online stage. Then throw in the 2009 Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act and the state and federal gift certificate taxes and were do Bitcoins and others fit in. This could be a big financial mistake for budget starve cities, states and countries it’s a worldwide problems. mobile_transaction_01

So how does a merchant handle Digital currency if they decide to accept it for legal goods and service. For example My Book is for sale on my website using Mt.Gox BTC-Bitcoins – So how do I report my Bitcoins Sales 1.8 BTC so how does the Tax man handle the BTC-Bitcoin transaction?? If they accept Bitcoins then they are legal tender as long as I show sales and pay my Tax they now become legal tender by the State, and federal governments??? Right or is Bitcoin just like a Cash sales??? – These are the questions that need answers today, not tomorrow. I would think that governments may be losing revenue if they don’t think about how to handle virtual currencies transactions and incorporate them into the grand scheme of things (also known as red tape).

As smartphones and mobile pad devices increases worldwide more and more global customers are jumping on board. In the Asian gaming world it’s unstoppable people cannot not stop the online addiction and at a such a cheap price people in far away places are getting connected and this new market is a gem for corporations worldwide and e-currencies of any kind will be the new norm. This Jump in mobil devices and games alone will give digital currencies a gigantic boost. These new inexpensive mobile devices are taking farmers in remote villages and bringing them to our modern society very quickly. merchant_Cards

Mobile devices are going worldwide today reaching the remotes corners of civilization and connecting everyone. And they want to spend $$$$$- money- $$$$$

This new mobile computer platform is changing the social and financial aspect of the worldwide landscape. All digital currencies that users accept in and believe in will be accepted. Merchants cry —I don’t care how you pay me as long as you pay me. The privacy aspect of this new currency is another thing that makes this very attractive. When anyone (governments/hackers) can pull your bank records and see every transaction you made.

They know everything every transaction? do they ? -did you know that with Bitcoins all transactions are visible – so we all know someone paid 1.2 BTC and transferred it to wallet_X. You can create a new -alias-wallet for every transaction and this way nobody will ever see your real wallet number. We can hide the wallets, encrypt it, back it up in paper, we can have many wallets and change them so keeping your transactions private is free it comes with the Bitcoin protocol. This is why governments say that terrorist use Bitcoins and other digital currencies to do their evil business,-NAW- well a suitcase full of CASH does the same thing and without and exchange rate to transfer it to my fiat currency… so that fear tactic does not work.. next

Consumers and merchants demand and acceptance of new digital currency has begun and the “jeane is out of the bottle”. These new digital virtual currencies can have very positive aspects in terms of financial innovation and the provision of additional payment alternatives for consumers and that is real competition.

Japans Moba-coins are a fine example: “While popular gambling-style kompu gatcha titles — in which users pay for coins to win prizes — are being eradicated from Japan, DeNA notes that its Moba-coin virtual currency was nonetheless used in a record $689 million worth of transactions in the country”. this revenue stream is only from 40-50 million users imagine when we all hop on this bandwagon.

money009There are many examples of others developing virtual currencies for gaming: NHN Japan offers a global gaming virtual currency called Line Coins; KakaoTalk in Korea offer virtual currencies called Chocos; and Tencent’s Q-Bi in China is firmly entrenched as a virtual currency. All of these are driven by mobile internet gaming services and the real killer will be when the major payments processors get into the virtual payments space.

The legality of Bitcoins have been debated all year long around the world -France, UK, Brazil, United Sates, California, New Hamshire, New York City, Germany, Finland, Italy and even Franklin, TN, USA.

As the price of Bitcoins hovers around $13-14-USD from a low of $4.5-USD this summer. It has attracted the interest of Forex and other players. With the European Central Bank (they control the EURO) report on Bitcoins to be a real thing are getting serious. Then a month later Bitcoin-Central ( French company, Paymium ) becomes the first Bitcoin Bank to carry out functions of payment service provider like PayPal and Dwolla unit of currency. Remember Bitcoin was built to operate completely outside the influence of governments and financial institutions but now Bitcoin is a financial institution.

Whether Bitcoin takes off or not is not the question, some virtual currencies is going to explode thanks to merchants, consumers, in-app gaming via social media and things that have not been created so far. You may disagree, but the aggregation of large amounts of small payments is effectively building a virtual currency system. go to and watch the transactions live, check out the “Bitcoin Top100 Recent Transaction”, I seen 124k, 150k 100 times in 1 hour-/ of course trying to track the wallets down to and IP is kinda impossible but mistakes can happen.   network

As we are seeing in New Hampshire allowance to take Bitcoin for campaign contributions put’s Bitcoins directly in the U.S bulls-eye. After this latest presidential election cycle here in American we saw that money is the language of politics and Bitcoins will play a role in our next presidential race 4 years away. Oh did I mention that Bitcoin is only 4 years old on Jan 9. 2013 imagine what the virtual digital currency and Bitcoins will look like in 2016. So are Bitcoins sales like a cash type transactions for governments and are they legal. I think that it’s still in debate but governments running deficits should allow any currency that brings in taxes to the coffers. Are Bitcoins Legal – stay tuned -gAtO OuT

Bitcoinica Rise and Fall from grace:

Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco

Case Number: CGC-12-522983



Generated: Dec-18-2012 6:32 pm PST